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William Lockhart Garwood (1931-2011)

Associate Justice, Texas Supreme Court, 1979-1980

William Lockhart Garwood was born October 29, 1931 in Houston, Texas. His father, Wilmer St. John Garwood, was an attorney and served as an associate justice of the Texas Supreme Court from 1948 to 1958. Garwood earned a B.A. from Princeton University in 1952 and an LL.B. from The University of Texas School of Law in 1955.

Following his graduation from law school, Garwood was a law clerk for U.S. Court of Appeals judge John R. Brown until joining the U.S. Army in 1956. He was assigned to the JAG corps, the Army's judicial branch, and earned the rank of lieutenant. After three years of service he left the Army, moved to Austin, and opened a law practice.

Garwood practiced law for twenty years until November 1979, when Gov. William P. Clements appointed him an associate justice of the Texas Supreme Court. Garwood campaigned for the seat the following year but lost the election.

Following his supreme court service, Garwood returned to private practice. In 1981 President Ronald Reagan nominated him to a newly created federal judgeship on the U. S. Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit. Garwood served in the position for sixteen years, until reaching senior status in 1997. He lived in Austin until his death on July 14, 2011 at the age of seventy-nine. He was buried in the Texas State Cemetery.


Garwood, William Lockhart, Judges of the United States Courts (accessed October 16, 2006).

William Garwood, Texas State Cemetery (accessed October 16, 2006).

Extended bibliography

Additional information available in Texas Bar Journal as follow:
Volume 43, page 45

Lawyer Named to High Court, Austin American-Statesman, Oct. 31, 1979.

Clements Picks New Justice, Corpus Christi Caller, Oct. 31, 1979.

Choyke, William J. Austin Lawyer Follows Father in Becoming Supreme Court Justice, Austin American-Statesman, Nov. 16, 1979.

Chip Off the 01' Gavel Dons Supreme Court Robe, Dallas Morning News, Nov. 16, 1979.

Montgomery, Dave. First GOP Justice for State Takes Oath, Dallas Times-Herald, Nov. 16, 1979.

Texana, Houston Post, Dec. 10, 1979.

Nolan, Joe. State High Court Justice Blasts Law Explosion, Houston Chronicle, Jan. 18, 1980.

Lochbaum, Patsy. Appointee to Run for Own Seat, Corpus Christi Caller, Jan. 23, 1980.

Englade, Sharon. Garwood Seeks First Elective Term as Judge, Beaumont Enterprise Journal, Jan. 25, 1980.

Republican Candidate Raps Partisan Selection of Court Justices, Lubbock Avalanche, Feb. 16, 1980.

Garwood Emphasized His Incumbency, Corpus Christi Caller, May 20, 1980.

Murchison, William. Judging the Judges, Dallas Morning News, May 29, 1980.

Ruiz, Rick. Appointed Judge Hits Campaign Trail, El Paso Times, July 26, 1980.

Rugeley, Cindy. Garwood Opposes Partisan Election for Judgeships, Wichita Falls Times, Aug. 7, 1980.

Tuma, Clara. Ray, Garwood Court Battle Costs Studied, Houston Post, Oct. 11, 1980.

Kilday, Patti. Ray Challenges Garwood in Texas Supreme Court Race, Dallas Times Herald, Oct. 26, 1980.